Among the works written in verse in the Ottoman Empire, there were also fatwas, and many sheikhs or mufti gave fatwas in verse. Even though this practice was not too much widespread in the Ottoman Empire, there was a tradition in this area. The first examples of these fatwas were seen in the 16th century; 17-18. century also showed, then thoroughly decreased. These fatwas, which took their place as an original genre in classical Turkish literature, can be said to have started in the 16th century with Shaykh al-Islâm Ebussuûd Efendi. The word of fatwa is a word that comes from the root of the 'feta' in Arabic and describes the solution of a personal issue with a strong answer. In the Ottoman verse, fatwas were written by the sheikhs or muftis, who were strong poets and writers. One of the most prominent of these sheikhs is the Hodja Sadeddin Efendi, who conducted the sultanate and the sheikhs together. After him, his sons and grandchildren served as high scholarly ranks with the titles such as sheikh-ul-Islam, kazasker and kadi, and these family members were given the nickname Hodjazade in proportion because of Hodja Sadeddin Efendi. Members of this family also established a tradition of giving verse fatwa, and each came to the fore by giving at least three verse fatwa. For example, Hodjazade Muhammed Bahai Efendi is in the first place with the verse fatwa around 15 known. We have introduced some poetry fatwas of Hodja Sadeddin Efendi before in our a paper. In this article, four later verse fatwas are introduced.
Poetry fatwa, Hodjazade, Hodja Sadeddin Efendi, historian.
|Yazar :||Muhittin ELİAÇIK -|