The perception of individuals, who learn a language as a foreign language, is important for an efficient learning process regarding the language they learn and achieving successful. Because the perceptions of learners, who aim to sense and discover the rules and subtleties of the language may sometimes influence the learning process negatively. Accordingly, in the study, it was aimed to determine the metaphoric perceptions of learners of Turkish as a foreign language towards Turkish grammar and to examine them with reference to several variables. In the study, which was designed according to phenomenological pattern, one of the qualitative researches, data was gathered from 31 students studying at B2 level in Istanbul University of Health Sciences and Üsküdar University TÖMER. Giving the participants the forms in which these sentences were written “Turkish language knowledge is like … Because …” they were asked to complete the sentences. Content analysis, one of the qualitative data analysis techniques, was used in the analysis of the data. During the analysis process, expert opinion was consulted in examining and categorizing the metaphors and reasons produced by the learners. As a result of the analysis of the data obtained, it was determined that metaphors were produced by learners mostly regarding language structure, inter-language relation and positive feeling themes. However, it was found that in the context of gender variable women concentrate on the relationship between languages and men focus on need; with reference to the time spent in Turkey language structure was focused especially in the first years; the learners who belonged to Turkish languages focus on language structure, inter-language relations and perceptions regarding communication, and also it was found that learners, who belonged to Arabic and Russian languages that have alphabet difference from Turkish, produced metaphors regarding the theme of disturbance.
Teaching Turkish as a foreign language, grammar, metaphor, perception
|Author :||Sedat EROL - Mustafa KAYA|
|Number of pages:||390-401|