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Abstract


LOVE-LOVER-BELOVED IN ÂŞIK GARİP STORY
The folk tales, which appeared in the 15th century and began to spread, are one of the most important of narratives of Turkish folk literature. This tradition has its own unique qualities and narrators and it consists of different stories which are composed of subjects such as love and heroism. Âşık Garip story is one of the popular folk tales which is about love. The story was loved not only in the Turkish world but also by the nations who were not Turkish such as Armenian and Georgian and it spread to a wide area. The motifs of Âşık Garip story which is told in many regions of the Turkish world exist in many places in the world and Turkish narrative tradition. Âşık Garip story was composed of a previously known subject in the imagination of people. In our study, love, lover, and beloved in Âşık Garip story, one of the most popular folk tales, were covered. Love in Turkish literature appears in two forms: heavenly and human. While poets were treating divine love, they benefited from human elements and to reach divine love, they accepted human love as a means. Falling in love in Turkish folk tales has a very important place. The story which is analysed tells a love story which Âşık Garip feels towards a beautiful girl. In the story, the plot is fictionalized to end up in marriage. Âşık (Lover) falls in love with a beautiful girl who lives, not an abstract being. The purpose of Âşık (Lover) is to reach this beautiful girl. The beloved in the story is a beautiful girl in the real life who lives, suffers, becomes happy. As a result of analysis, it was found that although the concepts of love, lover, and beloved told in Âşık Garip story sometimes bear various elements of classical and sufi literature, it basically has very different qualities. Carrying out such studies with different types of folk literature will reveal a different lover and a beloved profile for each genre instead of reaching general results in folk literature.

Keywords
Folk tale, love, lover, beloved.


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