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Abstract


ASPECT IN TURKISH: INTERACTION BETWEN TYPES OF VERBS, ARGUMENT STRUCTURE, MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE AND ADVERBS IN THE PRE-SCHOOL STORYBOOKS
In the mother-tongue acquisiton process, the language acquisiton theories suggests that the language input provides the child with ability to use tense and aspect markers competently. The purpose of this study is to analyze the phenomena of aspect in storybooks considered as significant written input, especially at the pre-school and early childhood period in which the language acquisition process is fast. In line with the aim of the study, the small scale database is set up with the verbs in six storybooks chosen considering the developmental characteristics of the children at this stage. The situation types of verbs, their argument structures, the aspectual markers attached to them and the adverbial usages are represented. Furthermore, the interaction among these structures is presented with their frequency of usage. In terms of the method, the qualitative and the quantitative data analyses based on Smith (1991)’s Aspect Theory classification are carried out. The qualitative analysis is done via classifying the lexical aspects of the verbs, the argument structure-morphological marker and the usage of the verb-adverb interaction using Excel Program. The quantitative data anaysis is done via specifying the distribution and frequency of usage of the qualitative data in the database. The results indicate that the significant number of the 242 verbs used in the storybooks is constituted of achievement and state verbs. Achievement verbs, in accordance with the text properties, are frequently used with past/perfective marking –DI and –mIş. This result seems to support the Aspect Theory. The other significant results of the study are that the verbs are mostly associated with bare noun phrases, and the time adverbials are the most frequenty used adverbs modifying all types of verbs.
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Keywords
Aspect, grammatical aspect, lexical aspect, mother-tongue acquisiton
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    IJLA's issue 7/1 (March 2019) is published, under the guest editor of Associate Professor Dr. Fulya TOPÇUOĞLU ÜNAL from Kütahya Dumlupınar University and the co-guest editor is Dr. Muharrem Kürşad YANGIL is from Kütahya Dumlupınar University.

     

     

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