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Abstract


BAUMAN’S PERSPECTIVE TO TANZİMAT AND SERVET-İ FÜNUN PERIOD NOVELS WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF TURKISH MODERNIZATION: UNDERSTANDING OF AMBIVALENCE IN TERMS OF LANGUAGE
This study examined Tanzimat (Reforms) and Servet-i Fünun novels in Turkish modernization process from the perspective of Bauman who developed the idea of ‘ambivalance’ linguistically. This study is qualitative with its descriptive review and content analysis technique. Subsequent to the analysis of Turkish modernization theories and reading the selected novels in the study, the ideal characters from the novels were extracted, and the relationship between the sociological discourse and the ideal characters in the novels was established. This link was attached to Bauman’s term ‘ ambivalence’. It was found that there was a correlation between Bauman’s sociolinguistic term and sociological discourse and the ideal characters in the novels. Bauman states that naming and classifying a society is an ordinary practice of modernity. Based on this conceptualization, it can be said that the same naming and classifying process was observed in Ottoman. Unlike Tanzimat, Servet-i Fünun can be perceived as a marginal and unusual community and represent ambivalence in the society. Therefore, it can be stated that there is a correlation between Bauman’s ambivalence and the ideas regarding Turkish modernization along with the ideal characters in the novels. Henceforth, Bauman’s analysis of ambivalence in modernity can be reinterpreted to study Turkish modernization.

Keywords
Turkish modernization, Novels, Sociolinguistics, Ambivalence


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