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Abstract


A PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS ON THE FALSE-START PRODUCTION RATES OF TURKISH SPEAKERS
This study aims to explore the false-start type of speech disfluency production rates of the native speakers of Turkish based on the age, gender, educational background, and prepared/unprepared speech condition variables. 84 participants from four different age groups (4-8, 18-23, 33-50 and over 50) took part in the study. 33-50 and over 50 age groups were divided into two sub-groups according to their educational level (low-and-high education profiles). Gender distribution was equal in each group. Prepared and unprepared speech samples (for children unprepared speech samples only) of at least 300 words of each participant were collected via face to face interviews and transcribed. For the statistical analysis of the data, Wilcoxon Signed-Rank and Mann-Whitney U Tests and Kruskal–Wallis One-Way Analysis of Variance were used. In terms of the age variable, in the prepared speech, age variable did not influence the false-start production rates whereas, in the unprepared speech, 4-8-year-old participants were more disfluent than the other three age groups (18-23, 33-50, and over 50). In terms of the gender variable, 33-50-year-old males produced more false starts than the females in the same age group in the prepared speech. In the unprepared speech, 18-23 and 33-50-year-old males produced more false starts than the females in the same age groups. In terms of the educational level variable, in the prepared speech, there were no significant differences between the groups. In the unprepared speech, 33-50-year-old elementary/middle school graduate males produced more false-starts than bachelor-master’s/doctoral degree holder males in the same age group. In addition, over 50-year-old female professors produced more false-starts than elementary/middle school graduate females in the same age group. In terms of the speech situation variable (prepared/unprepared), it was observed that speech situation variable was not influential on the false-start production rates.

Keywords
Psycholinguistics, Speech Production, Turkish Speech, False Starts.


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