Quick Access

Bu Dergi DOI ve Crosscheck üyesidir


This study aims to explore the false-start type of speech disfluency production rates of the native speakers of Turkish based on the age, gender, educational background, and prepared/unprepared speech condition variables. 84 participants from four different age groups (4-8, 18-23, 33-50 and over 50) took part in the study. 33-50 and over 50 age groups were divided into two sub-groups according to their educational level (low-and-high education profiles). Gender distribution was equal in each group. Prepared and unprepared speech samples (for children unprepared speech samples only) of at least 300 words of each participant were collected via face to face interviews and transcribed. For the statistical analysis of the data, Wilcoxon Signed-Rank and Mann-Whitney U Tests and Kruskal–Wallis One-Way Analysis of Variance were used. In terms of the age variable, in the prepared speech, age variable did not influence the false-start production rates whereas, in the unprepared speech, 4-8-year-old participants were more disfluent than the other three age groups (18-23, 33-50, and over 50). In terms of the gender variable, 33-50-year-old males produced more false starts than the females in the same age group in the prepared speech. In the unprepared speech, 18-23 and 33-50-year-old males produced more false starts than the females in the same age groups. In terms of the educational level variable, in the prepared speech, there were no significant differences between the groups. In the unprepared speech, 33-50-year-old elementary/middle school graduate males produced more false-starts than bachelor-master’s/doctoral degree holder males in the same age group. In addition, over 50-year-old female professors produced more false-starts than elementary/middle school graduate females in the same age group. In terms of the speech situation variable (prepared/unprepared), it was observed that speech situation variable was not influential on the false-start production rates.

Psycholinguistics, Speech Production, Turkish Speech, False Starts.

Advanced Search



    Dear Academicians,

    IJLA's issue 7/1 (March 2019) is published, under the guest editor of Associate Professor Dr. Fulya TOPÇUOĞLU ÜNAL from Kütahya Dumlupınar University and the co-guest editor is Dr. Muharrem Kürşad YANGIL is from Kütahya Dumlupınar University.



    Dear Academicians, you can upload your articles through Online Manuscript Submission link upon forming it according to the academic writing format in For Writers section.


    Impact Factor OAJI: 0,201

    MIAR ICDS = 5.6

    Index Copernicus ICV 2016: 94,37

Address :Keskustie 8 as 1 Kiiminki OULU FINLAND
Telephone :00358458092451 Fax :
Email :ijlaacademy@gmail.com

Web Yazılım & Programlama Han Yazılım Bilişim Hizmetleri