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Abstract


SHAYKH AL-ISLAM MUHAMMAD BAHAI EFENDI’S POETRY FATWAS -III
In the Ottoman Empire, the fatwas were given as poetry and it was possible for an original species to enter Turkish literature. Fatwa word, comes from the root feta in the brave, young, strong sense and it’s solution with a strong answer to a difficult problem. The work of fatwa in the Ottoman Empire was performed by the shaykh al-Islam in the center and by the mufti in the provinces. This business has been seen as an important public service; by the mufti or shaykh al-Islam a difficult question of sources were searched and is dissolved. For this reason, for the mufti or the shaykh al-Islam is used "hallal-ı müşkilât, ukde-güşâ" like titles. A large part of the Ottoman fetvas was written Turkish and as prose and in a small amount it was also written as poetry. The poetry fatwas in the Ottoman Empire were written by shaykh al-Islam or muftis, which has a special place among Divan poets. The Ottoman poetry fatwas, which were usually started to be given in the middle of the 16th century, were revealed by famous Ottoman sheikhulislams such as Ebussuud, Bostanzade Mohammed and Hoca Sadeddin. Mohammed Bahai Efendi is one of the most prominent poetry fatwa owner. In our two previous article his seven poetry fatwas were introduced. In this article two poetry fatwas which are determined later are introduced.

Keywords
Muhammed Bahâî Efendi, sheikhulislam, poetry fatwa.


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