Simile as a Figure of Speech in the Works of Yusuf Has Hacip

Author : Nurdan BESLİ
Number of pages : 339-351


Kutadgu Bilig, one of the most voluminous works of Turkish literature, is inherently full of concretisations. Written in an instructive style, the work dealt with religious, moral, political and social life issues in a didactic style. Used for increasing effectiveness and permanence in the mind of the individual, this method has especially manifested itself in Yusuf Has Hacip's color perception. These metaphorical structures, which can be regarded as ordinary similes would naturally be based on the things that the reader knows and finds usual. The effort to support and concretize the narration will make it easier for the work to reach its purpose. It is noteworthy that Yusuf Has Hacip uses color tones such as black as a raven feather, like mina color (light blue), white like a swan, pied like a falcon, or colour tones which are completely based on a simile. The phrases such as: Squirrel and sable color, white-bird color, black-abyssinian color, etc. show that Yusuf Has Hacip makes use of the similes of nature in his use of color. It is significant that the expressions of color that can be classified as two main headings as "transferring a color name by reinforcing it with the help of similar objects" or "expressing colors through simulated objects" are combined on the basis of similes. These structures, which are not based on any subjectivity and can be understood by everyone by not being chosen from a specific area, also show the didactic purpose in the work of Yusuf Has Hacip. The metaphorical structure, which is easily understood and accepted by the society, is considered as "ordinary simile". These structures, which also inspired the names of colors, contributed to the formation of a subtle and impressive expression in Yusuf Has Hacip's pen.


Kutadgu Bilig, Yusuf Has Hacip, simile, colors, concretisations

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