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Brave New World: Aldous Huxley’s Standpoint Regarding Communal Stability, Individual Freedom, and Eugenics in Light of the Concept of Ambivalence


Published in 1932, Huxley’s Brave New World came into prominence through its dichotomous effect that it left on critics, literary scholars, and readers. While some classify it as a dystopian novel, which accurately anticipates and warns about the probable governmental, scientific and sociological dangers threatening the society, some others view it as a utopian novel, which promote eugenics as a consequence of which most of the problems that humanity is entangled in have been solved. Moreover, most of the critics, scholars, and readers propound that the book is the outcome of its author’s confused mind or ambivalent psyche towards such social phenomena as power, despotism, individual freedom, and the mechanism of the society. It is likely as well to assert that it leads the readers to the feeling of being in-between the wellness, the peacefulness stemming from the communal stability and the sense of excitement and specificity buried in individual free will. Against such a backdrop, and considering Huxley’s familial background, his biography, the social and political fabric of the time when he wrote the book and Paul E. Bleuler’s concept of ambivalence, this article aims to put forward that Huxley’s worldview, though not outspoken, was closer to the hierarchical world-state order he plotted in his book. A book, in which all social, economic, psychological, and physiological disorders had been overcome through scientific progress, one outcome of which was eugenics. In other words, it aims to prove that Huxley is not ambivalent in the in-between space of the chaotic world order of the time and The New World State system in which all the social disorders have been able to be overcome owing to scientific progress through which the ‘id’ has been able to be tamed. He is rather closer to the latter


Keywords


Huxley, ambivalence, eugenics, dystopia, utopia, individual freedom, communal stability

Author : Mehmet Recep TAŞ
Number of pages: 431-455
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/ijla.46003
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International Journal of Language Academy
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