THE HISTORICAL ARABIC ROOTS OF CHOMSKYAN TGG THEORY: A PSYCHOLINGUISTIC PERSPECTIVE

Author:

Number of pages: 557-573
Year-Number: 2018-23

Abstract

One of the most important linguistic developments that took place in the middle of the twentieth century is the emergence of the transformational generative grammar. Therefore, it is of importance when dealing with any historical linguistic phenomenon is studying the historical achievements of Arab as well as European linguists who studied the Arabic and English grammars thoroughly and entirety in addition to s those who preceded Noam Chomsky who made a linguistic revolution in Europe at that time.Throughout the history of the long Arabic language, great scientists have come to record their arts and sciences in countless works, but they have pioneers who took the lead in the branches of the main language sciences, and all those who followed them went on the same path to add some new advancements which deal with the most precise details and issues of the language. Sibawayah is considered one of the most prominent grammarian of the Arabic language . He was followed by many other scholars in their extensive studies of the Arabic language, such as Al-Khalil Ibn Ahmad Al-Farahidi, Abed Al-Qaher Al-Jarjani, Ibn Jinni and others. This study is not an attempt to underestimate what Chomsky has done in his intellectual linguistic revolution of today but rather to find the roots of the Chomskyan theory in the Arab world, and to show the precedence of dealing with the same linguistic issues that Sibawayah put forward in his book despite the spacing of times and countries.

Keywords

Abstract

One of the most important linguistic developments that took place in the middle of the twentieth century is the emergence of the transformational generative grammar. Therefore, it is of importance when dealing with any historical linguistic phenomenon is studying the historical achievements of Arab as well as European linguists who studied the Arabic and English grammars thoroughly and entirety in addition to s those who preceded Noam Chomsky who made a linguistic revolution in Europe at that time.Throughout the history of the long Arabic language, great scientists have come to record their arts and sciences in countless works, but they have pioneers who took the lead in the branches of the main language sciences, and all those who followed them went on the same path to add some new advancements which deal with the most precise details and issues of the language. Sibawayah is considered one of the most prominent grammarian of the Arabic language . He was followed by many other scholars in their extensive studies of the Arabic language, such as Al-Khalil Ibn Ahmad Al-Farahidi, Abed Al-Qaher Al-Jarjani, Ibn Jinni and others. This study is not an attempt to underestimate what Chomsky has done in his intellectual linguistic revolution of today but rather to find the roots of the Chomskyan theory in the Arab world, and to show the precedence of dealing with the same linguistic issues that Sibawayah put forward in his book despite the spacing of times and countries.

Keywords