There has been defined four basic skills in foreign language education: listening comprehension, reading comprehension, speaking and writing. This study firstly explains the productive skills from basic language skills in detail based on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. Then, the methods commonly used in foreign language education are indicated. These commonly used methods are introduced by specifically pointing out their general characteristics and their aims in language learning. Thereafter, it has been explained that how these skills are sorted; how and how much literary skills are involved in language teaching process. Applying document analysis method, the relation between foreign language education methods and productive language skills has been stated in general. In this paper, the relationship between foreign language teaching methods and productive language skills has been determined in general terms. In the commonly used language teaching methods, it is seen that skills are put in order of importance in accordance with the primary aims of the method. In some of the methods, four language skills are given the equal importance while certain skills are emphasized in others. Generally, the methods that prioritize productive language skills and enable language learner to use the language effectively in written and oral fields are quite limited, which causes oftenly overlooking the productivity in language, creative production remains in the background and it takes a long time for students to become effective in written or verbal language.


Foreign language teaching, methods in foreign language education, the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, teaching Turkish as a foreign language, basic language skills, productive skills.

Author : Lokman TANRIKULU - Hilal Çifçi
Number of pages: 232-245
Full text:
International Journal of Language Academy
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