ISSN:2342-0251

MULTILINGUALISM AND A MULTILINGUAL BRAIN


There is an increase in the number of synapses which connecting neurons and perform executive functions and responsible for speech usage during brain activity of bi/multilingualist. This increase is due to the activation of the prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for the speech process. By activating the prefrontal cortex in addition to neurons that performing executive functions during language use, the lobe of speech is reshaped. As a result, the extent of this area by brain causes its function to become stronger. Such a change and development of the brain contributes to the development of cognitive performance.According to the results of many studies, bi/multilingual persons are more successful than monolinguals in terms of academic performance, long-term health and well-being, self-control, flexible workability, working memory and concentration. The degree to which the brain can focus on such activities and the level of benefits it brings - no matter which languages are spoken- is the same. The determining factors here are the frequency of using the second language, speech competence, knowledge of the grammatical structures in accordance with the norms and the age at which they acquire the language.


Keywords


Multilingualism, Multilingual Brain, Brain, Second Language Acquisition, Language Acquisition

Yazar : Mehmet Halit ATLİ -
Sayfa Sayısı: 54-63
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/ijla.30018
Tam Metin:
International Journal of Language Academy
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