Among the verse works written in the Ottomans, fatwas also took their place and some sheikhs or mufti had written their fatwas as poetry. This practice, which has not become widespread, has become a tradition over time. With this practice, which is seen as a kind of ornament, an important verse genre was added to Turkish literature. These fatwas contunied from the first half of the 16th century to the 18th century and then decreased. In the first half of the 16th century, it can be said that Şeyhülislâm Kemalpaşazade, Sadi Çelebi and Ebussuud Efendis, who are known for their poet identities, started these fatwas. The word fatwa, Arapça is a word from the root of the 'feta', that describes the analysis of the from the sources of the problems and the resolution of it with strong answers. In the Ottoman, poetry fatwas were given by the sheikhs or muftis, who were strong in pen and theology. One of the most prominent of these sheikhs is the Hodja Sadeddin Efendi, who conducted the teaching sultan and the sheikh together. Subsequently, his sons and grandchildren also performed high scientific duties such as sheikhülislâm, kazasker, müderris, kadı, and they were called Hodjazads relative to Hodja Sadeddin Efendi. The members of this family seem to have formed a tradition in giving poetry fatwa, each of which is known for giving numerous poetry fatwa. Among these, Hocazâde Muhammed Bahâî Efendi is at the forefront with nearly 20 poetry fatwas determined. As our researches continue, this number is constantly changing and therefore our articles are constantly updated. Hodja Sadeddin Efendi was one of them and we introduced some of his poetry fatwas in our two previous articles. In this article, three later poetry fatwas are introduced.
Poetry fatwa, Hodjazade, Hodja Sadeddin Efendi, historian.
|Author :||Muhittin ELİAÇIK|
|Number of pages:||342-348|