E-ISSN:2342-0251

THE UNDERLYING CAUSES OF A CRUSTACEAN PERSONALITY: A PSYCHO-MYTHOLOGICAL ANALYSE OF THE NOVEL “METAMORPHOSIS” BY KAFKA


This work oriented study focuses on the analysis of the novel “Metamorphosis” by Kafka with the method of Jungian psychoanalysis. This method is necessary to understand the appearence of a new existence form through a crack in the armor-like shell of the cockroach in “Metamorphosis”. Thus, a key component in this study is the metamorphosis motif and penetration of a deep element of the unconscious through this crack. Therefore the first part of the study deals with the myths and their projections in the Freudian and Jungian perspectives. After that, we are going to discover the common psychic structure of myths and dreams in Jung’s teleological thinking. Therefore, it is indispensable to date from the ancestral sin stemming from Adam eating the forbidden fruit. And after understanding the relation of dreams to the myths, we are going to outline the four Jungian archetypes, the Persona, the Self, the Shadow and the Anima/the Animus and their reflections in literary works. In the context of the archetypical circle we are going to read the fall of Adam from Heaven, relationships betwenn Daphne and Apollo, and Syrix and Pan, “The Frog King”, “Steppenwolf” by Hesse and “Kozalar” by Ağaoğlu. In these sample works reflecting how psyche avoides its Shadow like the plague and how it aprroaches its Anima/Animus we are going to follow the way to Jung’s mandala. After this research we are trying to examine psychomythological dimension of “Metamorphosis” by Kafka, by associating the transformation of the main character Gregor to a cockroach with the theme of birth about cockroaches in Egyptian Mythology. At the end of this study we conclude that Gregor’s crustacean personality cracked with an apple thrown at his flesh causes his death; in other words as a Shadow he dies, to be reborn as an Anima.


Keywords


cockroach, shell, metamorphosis, existence

Author : İnci ARAS
Number of pages: 81-91
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18033/ijla.3864
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International Journal of Language Academy
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