This study was conducted in order to determine the effect of using listening materials with various types of stimuli on the listening skills of B1-level foreign students of Turkish. As a qualitative research method, holistic multiple case study design was employed for the study. Research was carried out with four study groups, each consisting of four participants. Four separate study materials were designed for each group. Listening text materials delivered to the first group included audio and visual stimuli with subtitles; those for the second group included audio and visual stimuli; those for the third group included audio stimuli with subtitles and those for the fourth group included audio stimuli only. Each group listened to their texts over four consecutive weeks. With four listening texts with various stimuli being used in each group, a total of 16 texts were used. After each listening study, identical processes of assessment and evaluation were applied to each group. Following the assessments, all participants were individually interviewed about the stimuli variation in their respective texts. As a result of the findings of the assessments and the interviews with the students, it was concluded that study groups using texts with audio and visual stimuli without subtitles were more successful compared to those using subtitles. The results revealed that in audio-based texts, comprehension was further facilitated through visual stimuli, while the performance of the students using subtitled stimuli remained limited in terms of listening comprehension.
Listening skills in Turkish education for foreigners, assessment and evaluation, audiovisual material, subtitle
|Author :||Rumeysa Gumus Mattiussi - Bayram BAŞ|
|Number of pages:||16-29|