As Communicative Language Teaching emerged as a reaction to the traditional methods that rely on structures and accuracy, activities used in the classrooms have also changed and the use of activities like role-plays, group work activities and project work has been focused. Use of such kinds of activities replacing the mechanical exercises which were preferred in the past has been considered to be contributing to the effectiveness of the lessons on motivating and encouraging students to communicate during the lessons. Thus the current study aimed to increase EFL students’ participation level through the use of communicative activities. This study was designed as a descriptive case study. It was conducted during a five-week period. The participants of the study were 12 pre-intermediate level students who were attending preparatory school in a private university in Turkey. Convenience sampling strategy was used while selecting the participants. Student interviews conducted with 5 randomly selected students before and after the use of all communicative activities, student reflection sheets given to the students every week after the communicative activities, and lesson reports written by the researcher after each lesson were used in order to collect data. The data gathered from the lesson reports, student reflection sheets and interviews were separately analyzed. The findings of this study revealed that communicative activities help to increase EFL students’ level of participation in English lessons. Beside this, it was concluded that even though the learners felt nervous and tense at the beginning of the interaction process, they felt free and more relaxed when they realized that they were able to communicate in English.
Communicative language teaching, communicative activities, student participation
|Author :||Şeyma YILDIRIM|
|Number of pages:||30-48|