The first text written with the Kuman dialect of Kipchak Turkish was carried out by Italian and German Franciscan monks, who were among the Kipchak (Kuman) Turks living in the lower Idil basin in 13th - 14th centuries. Codex Cumanicus, which is thought to be written by Genoese or Venetian merchants, Francisian missionaries or Italian monks and German clergymen in the north of the Black Sea, means that “Kuman Book/Manuscript”, is one of the exceptional works where we can find important data about the daily and religious life and folk literature of the Kuman/Kipchaks with its rich vocabulary. The vocabulary found in the book contains important clues about Turkish of its period and social life. Vocabulary of Codex Cumanicus belongs to various fields such as trade goods, Christian religious terms, animals, plants, stuff, law, measures, calendars, verbs etc. Although it is accepted that the work was written for missionary purposes, it is noteworthy that it contains words covering all areas of daily life, out of religious vocabulary. The vocabulary of the work allows information about the Kuman-Kipchaks’ geography, climate, vegetation, the animals they grow or hunt, trade products, occupations, social life, customs and traditions. Vocabulary studies are of great importance in terms of showing the course of Turkish periodically. In this study, the status of human qualifiers used in Codex Cumanicus is discussed in today's Anatolian dialects. This study, which was conducted in order to determine the rate and the way in which the vocabulary existence of the Kuman-Kipchak period lived in today's Anatolian dialects, will make an important contribution to our cultural world in terms of seeing the periodical usage of Turkish about vocabulary.


Codex Cumanicus, human qualifiers, Anatolian dialects, vocabulary, Kuman-Kipchak Period

Author : Muharrem ÖZDEN
Number of pages: 159-180
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/ijla.42659
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International Journal of Language Academy
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