It is important to obtain information about the meaning of listening and speaking for children and how they perceive these skills in their lives in elementary education where the reading and writing process begins. One of the tools used to determine perceptions is metaphors. The purpose of the current study is to explain 3rd grade and 4th grade elementary school students’ perceptions of listening and speaking skills through metaphors. The study group of the current research is comprised of a total of 30 elementary school students (34 3rd graders and 46 4th graders) attending a state school in the city of Muğla. This is a qualitative study. The data of the study were collected by asking the students to complete the following sentence; “Listening/Speaking is like …………… because ……….” In the analysis of the collected data, content analysis was employed. As a result of the analysis of the data, it was found that the 3rd graders produced a total of 21 metaphors for listening and 24 metaphors for speaking while the 4th graders produced 29 metaphors for listening and 32 metaphors for speaking. These metaphors produced by the students were grouped under categories. According to the results of the current study a total of 50 metaphors produced by the students in relation to listening are gathered under 12 categories and a total of 56 metaphors produced in relation to speaking are gathered under 13 categories. It was found that the 3rd grade students related listening to “ear” the most while the 4th graders related it to “hearing” the most. In addition to this, it was found that the 3rd grade students related speaking to “sound” the most while the 4th grade students related it to the act of “saying” the most.


Listening, speaking, metaphor, elementary school students

Author : Ferah MERMİ - Emel GÜVEY AKTAY
Number of pages: 143-158
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/ijla.42690
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International Journal of Language Academy
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